This course covers seventeenth-century Spanish and French explorations and interaction with the Indians; settlement and organization of the Louisiana territory; lead mining and the fur trade. In addition, we study the Louisiana Purchase; the Missouri territory; the struggle for statehood and slavery; antebellum politics; banking and internal improvements; westward expansion; Civil War and reconstruction. This course looks in depth at postwar agrarian politics, industrialization; Irish, German, and southern European immigration; the Progressive reforms