The Holocaust was a watershed event, not only in the twentieth century, but also in the entire course of human history. Through an online study of the Holocaust, students can come to realize that democratic institutions and values are not automatically sustained, but need to be appreciated, nurtured, and protected; silence and indifference to the suffering of others, or to the infringement of civil rights in any society can, however unintentionally, perpetuate the problems; and the Holocaust was not an accident in history, it occurred because individuals, organizations, and governments made choices that not only legalized discrimination but also allowed prejudice, hatred, and ultimately mass murder to occur. This course examines the roots of the Holocaust in European antisemitism, racism, and colonialism; analyzes Hitler's rise to power, Nazi ideology, and Nazi genocide against the Jews and other targeted peoples; and considers Jewish responses to persecution and genocide. Modern genocide as will also be examined. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior